Located about 20 km south-west of Mandalay, on the opposite bank of the river, Sagaing is a significant religious centre and the capital of the region.
Sagaing is characterised by its lush green outcrop of hills dotted with numerous white and gold pagodas, creating a striking scene from the river and offering spectacular photographic opportunities from its many lookout points.
The most significant of the sacred structures is the Soon U Pon Nya Shin Paya Buddhist Temple, built in 1312, with a 30-metre-high gilded stupa and collection box decorated with bronze frogs.
The hill was thought to resemble a frog, which was believed to be a good omen and played a role in the city’s development.
Sagaing is also known for its excellent silversmith works at Ywa Htaung quarters and its fine pottery at the village of Nwe Nyein.